9 Point Agreement Upsc

Shillong Accord: The Shillong Agreement of 1975 was an agreement signed between the government and the clandestine Naga Federal Government. In June 1947, a nine-point agreement was signed between the British Government of India and the Naga National Council. This agreement included a co-existence (temporary and experimental according to it) with India for a period of ten years, which was to be reviewed at the end of this period. In July 1947, the NNC met Dr. A.Z. Ph. Mahatma Gandhi and declared that the Nagas would declare their Independence Day on 14.8.1947. They did declared independence on August 14, 1947. Phizo was arrested by the Indian government in 1948. After his release, he took over the leadership of NNC. On 11 May 1952, the Naga delegation met with Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru; Discussions were unsuccessful. A sovereign republic of Nagaland was founded in 1954.

In 1956, Phizo replaced the Nagaland Sovereign Republic with the central government of Naga and in 1959 the Nagaland federal government. They also formed the Naga Home Guards. However, there have been increasing differences between Naga leaders, resulting in internal violence between different political groups. In 1948, an agreement was reached between the NNC and the Indian government, which recognized the right of the Naga people to self-determination. [5] However, the hardline supporters led by Phizo gradually increased their influence on the NNC. Phizo became the fourth president of the NNC in October to November 1949, after defeating Vizar Angami of Zakhama village with a one-vote lead. [2] Under his leadership, the NNC tended to seek secession from India. (a) because of the Naga system, which does not decide by majority, but only by general agreement, and almost at the same time as resistance. On 29 June 1947, the governor of Assam, Sir Akbar Hyderi, signed a nine-point agreement with the moderates T Sakhrie and Aliba Imti, which was almost immediately rejected by Phizo. The Naga Hills, a district of Assam, were reclassified in 1963 as a federal state, also adding the Tuensang Tract, which was then part of NEFA.

In April of the following year, Jai Prakash Narain, assam Chief Minister Bimala Prasad Chaliha and Rev. Michael Scott launched a peacekeeping mission and certified to the government and NNC that they signed an agreement to suspend operations in September. But the NNC/NFG/NFA continued to give in to violence and, after six rounds of talks, the peace mission was abandoned in 1967 and a massive counter-insurgency operation was launched. THE CATCH: "Naga leaders felt that other Nagas, who live in adjacent areas, should be able to join the new state.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more