Canada Mexico Trade AgreementPublished by: Europe Basketball Academy
Fox News reported on December 9, 2019 that negotiators from the three countries have reached an agreement on implementation, paving the way for a final agreement within 24 hours and ratification by all three sides before the end of the year. Mexico has agreed to the imposition of a $16 per hour minimum wage for Mexican autoworkers by a "neutral" third party. Mexico, which imports all of its aluminum, has also objected to the provisions on U.S. steel and aluminum content in automotive components.  The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his campaign by announcing his candidacy for president in November 1979.  Canada and the United States signed the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, and shortly thereafter, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari decided to address U.S. President George H.
W. Bush proposed a similar agreement to make foreign investments after the Latin American debt crisis.  When the two leaders began negotiations, the Canadian government led by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was concerned that the benefits obtained by Canada through the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement would be undermined by a bilateral agreement between the United States and Mexico and asked to become part of the U.S.-Mexico talks.  The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached an agreement that benefits American farmers, ranchers and agricultural businesses. While NAFTA agriculture has generally developed well, significant improvements to the agreement will ensure fairer trade in food and agriculture and increase exports of U.S. agricultural products. The USMCA will have an impact on how member states negotiate future free trade agreements. Article 32.10 requires USMCA countries to notify USMCA members three months in advance if they intend to enter into free trade negotiations with non-economic economies.
Article 32.10 gives USMCA countries the opportunity to review any new free trade agreements that members agree to leave. It is widely speculated that Article 32.10 deliberately targets China.  In fact, a senior White House official said of the USMCA deal: "We were very concerned about China`s efforts to undermine the U.S. position by making deals with others."  In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Donald Trump`s campaign included a promise to renegotiate or cancel NAFTA if the renegotiation failed.  After his election, Trump made a number of changes that affect trade relations with other countries. The withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, the cessation of participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and the significant increase in tariffs with China were some of the measures he implemented and reaffirmed that he was serious in seeking changes to NAFTA.  Much of the debate about the virtues and mistakes of the USMCA is similar to the debate about all free trade agreements (SAAs), for example the nature of free trade agreements as public goods, potential violations of national sovereignty, and the role of commercial, labor, environmental, and consumer interests in shaping the language of trade agreements. The agreement is referred to differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA).   In Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá (T-MEC) is called.
  The agreement is sometimes referred to as "New NAFTA", in line with the previous trilateral agreement intended to replace it, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The Agreement between the United States of America, the United Mexican States and Canada, commonly known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), is a free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States to succeed NAFTA.    The agreement has been referred to as "NAFTA 2.0" or "New NAFTA", given that many nafta provisions have been included and its amendments have been considered largely incremented. . . .